The Dudhwa Tiger Reserve is a protected area in Uttar Pradesh that spread over the Lakhimpur Kheri to Bahraich districts and comprised of three large green patches named as Dudhwa National Park, Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary and Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary. It covers an area of 1,284.3 km2 (495.9 sq mi). It shares the boundary with Nepal in the north-eastern side which is demarcated by Mohana River. The area is a vast alluvial floodplain traversed by numerous rivers and streams. In 1987, the Dudhwa National Park and the Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary were declared as Dudhwa Tiger Reserve. The Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary was added later in 2000. The area of the park comes within the Upper Gangetic plains and is a vast streatch of alluvial plain.
Fauna: This Tiger Reserve is home for tigers, leopards, sloth bears, elephants, swamp deer, spotted deer,hog deer, barking deer, sambar, wild pig and hispid hare etc. In Dudhwa National Park after extinction of Indian Rhinoceros, 1984 the species was reintroduced in the Salukapur of South Soanripur Range and today is known as Rhino Reintroduction Area (RRA).
Birds:The park has a rich bird life, around 350-400 bird species can be found here including the Swamp Francolin, Great Slaty Woodpecker and Bengal Florican. Dudhwa also boasts a range of migratory birds that settle here during winters like common teal, pochards, shovellers, bar headed goose, grey lagged goose etc. Others species are painted storks, black and white necked storks, Sarus Cranes, woodpeckers, barbets, kingfishers, minivets, bee-eaters, crested serpent eagle, changeable hawk eagle, grey headed fish eagle, great tits, nightjars and varied night birds of prey can also be seen here.
Terai ecosystems are characterized by the mosaic distribution of high forest interspersed with grasslands and Dudhwa landscape is the last prominent remnant of this ecosystem in India. The forests, especially the sal forests, have always been very dense Sal, asna, shisham, jamun, gular, sehore and bahera are the common tree species. The grassland exists in the 19% of the park. The wetlands constitute the third major habitat type and include the rivers, streams, lakes and marshes.
The Dudhwa Tiger Reserve is a protected area in Uttar Pradesh that spread over the Lakhimpur Kheri to Bahraich districts and comprised of large green patches named as Dudhwa National Park, Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary and Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary. It covers an area of 1,284.3 km2 (495.9 sq mi). It shares the boundary with Nepal in the north-eastern side which is demarcated by Mohana River. It is in the Indian part of terai-arch which contains a still surviving huge grasslands. famous for first tiger rehabilitation initiatives by Billy Arjan Singh in 1980s. Later rhino reintroduction program also added another conservation class to the park.
PLACES NEAR BY:
Lucknow, Bardia (Nepal), Dhangari (Nepal)
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Palia Kalan. From entire India the main connectivity is maintained through Shahjehanpur and Lucknow Railway Station.