Gorumara National Park is situated in northern West Bengal and a part of the Terai region. It is a medium-sized park mixed with grasslands and forests. The park was established as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1949, on account of its breeding population of Indian Rhinoceros. It was declared as a National Park in 1994. Gorumara is spread over 79.45 km² area. It is famous for its Indian Rhinoceros population.
Murti,Indong and Garati flow through the area and later become intermingled before joining river Jaldhaka. Typical Bhabar formation can be noticed in the river beds. The park has recorded fifty species of mammals, 193 species of birds, 22 species of reptiles, 7 species of turtles, 27 species of fish, and other macro and micro fauna.
Fauna: The Park is rich in mega herbivores including Indian rhinoceros, gaur, Asian elephant, sloth bear, chital, and Sambar deer. Small ungulates include barking deer, hog deer and wild boar. There primary predator is leopard and the only existing big cat. It does have numerous small carnivores including various civets, mongooses and lesser wild cats. It also has numerous rodents, including giant squirrels. The rare hispid hare was also recorded from the park.
Birds: Scarlet minivet, sunbird, Asian paradise flycatcher, spangled drongo, and Oriental Pied hornbills are common in the area. Numerous woodpeckers and pheasants inhabit the park. Peafowls are very common. The park is migratory passage of the migrant birds, so during winter many of them can be seen in the area.
Flora: Major forest types are Northern Dry Deciduous Seral Sal Sisoo association, Eastern Bhabar and Terai Sal, Sub Himalayan Secondary Wet Mixed forests and Sal Savannah. Grass patches can be observed mostly along river bed areas. Few bamboo patches can also be found.
It was declared as a National Park in 1994. Gorumara is spread over 79.45 km² area. It is famous for its Indian Rhinoceros population.
Nearest railway station is New Maynaguri, 20 km and New Mal 30 km from LataguriGorumara National Park. The park is accessible from the rail stations at Siliguri, Jalpaiguri, Alipurduar, Cooch Behar from where one can hire a jeep/ car through National Highway 31 to Lataguri, the gateway to the park.