Namdapha is a National Park and a Tiger reserve in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh. It is located in the Eastern Himalayan sub-region and is recognized as one of the richest areas in biodiversity in India. The park harbors the northernmost lowland evergreen rainforests in the world at 27°N latitude. The area is also known for extensive Dipterocarp forests. It covers an area of 1,985-sq-km of tough and rugged terrain. Namdapha has a very wide attitudinal variation from 200m to 4,300m in the snow-capped mountain. This variation in terms gave rise to the diversity of habitats and related flora and fauna. Namdapha National Park is the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspotin Arunachal Pradesh. It is also the third largest national park in India in terms of area.
Climate Varies from 37°C to 8°C.
Flora: The beautiful forests possess great biodiversity of Flora and Fauna. There are more than 150 tree species can be found in the forested landscape. The Pinus merkusi and Abies delavavi are endemic to the area and not found anywhere else in India. The Blue Vanda which is one of the rarest and endangered in the orchidaceae also exists here. The most famous local medicinal plant Mishimi Teeta is available here, which is used by the local tribes to cure different kinds of diseases. The lush green under growths of canes, bamboos, wild bananas and other variety of vegetation are intertwined like cobwebs. The grandeur of the wet tropical rain forest is breeding ground for a variety of animals and birds which is a remarkable sight, worth seeing.
Fauna: The diverse vegetation profile and regarding composed habitats of Namdapha is a home for diverse species of animals and birds. It is the only park in the World, possesses four Feline species of big cats namely the Tiger, Common Leopard, Snow Leopard and Clouded Leopard. A number of primate species are well detected in the park, including the Assamese Macaque, pig-tailed Macaque, stump-tailed Macaque. Hoolock Gibbon is well detectable which is a highly endangered and only 'Ape' species found in India, dwell in this pristine forest. Elephants, Asiatic Black Bear, Gaur, several species of deers, reptiles and a variety of arboreal animals can also be found. Red flying squirrels are often sighted in Nmdapha. Among the birds, most notable are the White winged Wood Ducks, a rare and endangered species, five different species of hornbills - Great, Wreathed, Rufous necked, White throated brown and Oriental pied hornbills are detectable. Jungle Fowls and Pheasants are found to flop their noisy way through the jungle. There are 491 recorded avian species from the area. The inaccessibility of a greater part of the park has helped to preserve the pristinely habitats and species compositions in a virgin state of its natural form.
Foreigners require a restricted area permit (a 10 day permit requires valid visas). which can be obtained from the home ministry in New Delhi. It is better to apply as early as possible.
Namdapha is a National Park and a Tiger reserve in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh. It is located in the Eastern Himalayan sub-region and is recognized as one of the richest areas in biodiversity in India. The park harbors the northernmost lowland evergreen rainforests in the world at 27°N latitude. Namdapha National Park is the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot and is located in Arunachal Pradesh. It is also the third largest national park in India in terms of area. This park is rich in feline species composition, among five big cats four species are recorded from the park. The only ape found in india named Hoolock gibbon can be seen in the forested areas of Namdapha. five of the nine species hornbills can be detected in the area with 491 detected avian species.There are a few settlements of Lisu tribal people within the park. Most of the Lisus are, however, located beyond the eastern border of the park towards the international border of India with Myanmar. There are also Chakma, Tangsa and Singpho settlements around the park.