Neora Valley National Park (NVNP)is situated in Kalimpong hills of Darjeeling district. It constituted with 88 km2 of undulating forest stretch in the Central Himalayas. This large pristine forest has formed an ecological trijunction with Sikkim and Bhutan, and designated as one of the key biodiversity areas in the Eastern Himalayas for mammals and birds. The highest point of NVNP is Rechila danda peak (3,170 m) bordering Sikkim.
Uniqueness of NVNP’s ecosystem was recognized and designated as global biodiversity hotspot where existing tropical, sub-tropical, temperate and sub-temperate forests diversified the habitat with wealth of biodiversity. This area is included in one of the 25 Global Hotspots and contained two endemic bird areas. NVNP has great altitudinal variation of 183 m – 3,200 m and climatic conditions.
It has floral and faunal similarities with paleoarctic region and characteristics of all the three sub-regions, namely the Himalayan Montane System, the Indian Peninsular sub-region and the Malayan sub- region. 32 species of mammals were identified in the upper NVNP, belonging to 16 families and 5 orders, representing more than 17% of the total mammalian diversity in West Bengal. Of these, 9 species are protected under Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
Fauna: Mammals: The existing felids are Clouded leopard, Leopard, Leopard cat, Fishing cat, Marbled cat and other mammals are Red Panda, Himalayan black bear, Himalayan tahr, Goral, Serow, Sambar, Barking deer, wild pig etc. can be found in the region. Some other important mammals are Indian pangolin, Chinese pangolin, Malayan giant squirrel, Hodgson’s flying squirrel, Wild dog, Elephant, Moupin pika etc. NVNP, including Lava, is a birders’ paradise. Birds: A total of 258-288 bird species have been sighted.Seven globally threatened species and two Near Threatenedspecies are found at this site. It is one of the best sites in India to see rarities such as the Rusty-bellied Shortwing Brachypteryx hyperythra. This species is also considered as restricted range by as it is endemic to the Eastern Himalayas and perhaps has a narrow distributional range.
This area is included in one of the 25 Global Hotspots and contained two endemic bird areas.This large pristine forest has formed an ecological trijunction with Sikkim and Bhutan, and designated as one of the key biodiversity areas in the Eastern Himalayas for mammals and birds